Acta Mathematica Scientia (Series A)
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ISSN 1003-3998
CN  42-1226/O
26 June 2022, Volume 42 Issue 3 Previous Issue   
The General Inverse Bonnesen-Style Inequalities in $\mathbb{R}^n$
Xu Dong,Yan Zhang,Chunna Zeng,Xingxing Wang
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  641-650. 
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The isoperimetric problem plays an important role in integral geometry. In this paper we mainly investigate the inverse form of the isoperimetric inequality, i.e. the general inverse Bonnesen-type inequalities. The upper bounds of several new general isoperimetric genus are obtained. Futhermore, as corollaries, we get a series of classical inverse Bonnesen-type inequalities in the plane. Finally, the best estimate between the results of three upper bounds is given.

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Approximate Optimality Conditions and Mixed Type Duality for a Class of Non-Convex Optimization Problems
Jiaolang Wang,Donghui Fang
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  651-660. 
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By using the properties of the Fréchet subdifferentials, we first introduce a new constraint qualification and then establish some approximate optimality conditions for the non-convex constrained optimization problem with objective function and/or constraint function being α-convex function. Moreover, some results for the weak duality, strong duality and converse-like duality theorems between this non-convex optimization problem and its mixed type dual problem are also given.

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A Class of Differential Operators with Eigenparameter Dependent Boundary Conditions
Kang Sun,Yunlan Gao
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  661-670. 
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In this paper, A class of third-order differential operators with transition conditions and two boundary conditions containing spectral parameters is studied, and the analytical method is used to do two aspects of work. First, by constructing a new space and a new operator, the eigenvalues of the problem and the operator are connected so that the eigenvalues of the original problem are consistent with the eigenvalues of the new operator. Second, the properties of the eigenvalues of the original problem are studied, and the conclusion that the spectrum of the original problem has only point spectrum is given.

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The Self-Adjointness and Dependence of Eigenvalues of Fourth-Order Differential Operator with Eigenparameters in the Boundary Conditions
Wenwen Yan,Meizhen Xu
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  671-693. 
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In this paper we consider the self-adjointness and the dependence of eigenvalues of a class of discontinuous fourth-order differential operator with eigenparameters in the boundary conditions of one endpoint. By constructing a linear operator T associated with problem in a suitable Hilbert space, the study of the above problem is transformed into the research of the operator in this space, and the self-adjointness of this operator T is proved. In addition, on the basis of the self-adjointness of the operator T, we show that the eigenvalues are not only continuously but also smoothly dependent on the parameters of the problem, and give the corresponding differential expressions. In particular, giving the Fréchet derivative of the eigenvalue with respect to the eigenparameter-dependent boundary condition coefficient matrix, and the first-order derivatives of the eigenvalue with respect to the left and right sides of the inner discontinuity point c.

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Q-(Approximate) Dual of g-Frames in Hilbert Spaces
Wei Zhang,Yanling Fu,Shuanbao Li
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  694-704. 
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In this paper, fusing the ideas of dual Fusion frames and approximate dual g-frames, the definitions of Q-(approximate) dual g-frames are given. The relationship between Q-approximate dual g-frames and Q-dual g-frames is discussed. The characterizations of Q-(approximate) dual g-frames are obtained. Finally, by means of Q-approximate dual g-frames, some equivalent conditions for a g-frame to be close to another g-frame are given.

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Multiple Spectra of Self-Similar Measures with Three Digits
Haixiong Li,Xinlin Wu,Daoxin Ding
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  705-715. 
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It is well known that the self-similar measure $\mu_{k, a, b}$ defined byis a spectral measure with a spectrumIn this paper, by applying the properties of congruences and the order of elements in the finite group, we obtain some conditions on the integer $p$ such that the set $p\Lambda(3k, C)$ is also a spectrum for $\mu_{k, a, b}$. Moreover, an example is given to explain our theory.

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Research on the Lowest Energy Solution ofChern-Simons-Schrödinger Equation with Trapping Potential
Ying Yang,Liejun Shen
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  716-729. 
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In this paper, we mainly study the existence of solutions with prescribed $L^{2}$-norm to the Chern-Simons-Schrödinger (CSS) equation. This type problem can be transformed into look for the minimizer of the corresponding energy functional $E^\beta_{p} (u)$ under the constraint $\|u\|_{L^{ 2}(\mathbb{R}^2)}=1$. Concerning the subcritical mass case, that is, $p\in(0,2)$, no matter whether the potential function $V(x)$ equals to $0$, we prove that the constraint minimization can be achieved by some simple methods. We are also concerned with the critical mass case of $p=2$:if $V(x)\equiv0$, there exist two constants $\beta^*>\beta_*>0$ which can be explicitly determined such that the constraint minimization cannot achieved for any $\beta\in(0,\beta_{*}]\cup(\beta^{*},+\infty)$; if $V(x)\not\equiv0$, the constraint minimization cannot be achieved for $\beta>\beta^{*}$, but can be achieved for $\beta\in(0,\beta_{*}]$. In addition, we discuss the limit behavior of the mass subcritical constrained minimum energy when $p\nearrow2$.

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Ground State Solutions for Quasilinear Schrödinger Equation of Choquard Type
Yanan Wang,Kaimin Teng
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  730-748. 
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In this paper, we consider the following quasilinear Schrödinger equations of Choquard type where $N\geq3$, 0 < $\alpha$ < $N$, $<p<\frac{N+\alpha}{N-2}$, $I_{\alpha}$ is the Riesz potential, $V(x)$ is a positive continuous potential and $k$ is a non-negative parameter. The existence of ground state solutions is established via Pohožaev manifold approach.

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Existence of Positive Ground State Solutions for the Choquard Equation
Xudong Shang,Jihui Zhang
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  749-759. 
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In this paper we study the following nonlinear Choquard equation where $N \geq 3$, $\alpha \in (0, N)$, $I_{\alpha}$ is the Riesz potential, $V(x):\mathbb{R} ^{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{R} $ is a given potential function, and $F\in {\cal C}^{1}(\mathbb{R}, \mathbb{R})$ with $F'(s)=f(s)$. Under assumptions on $V$ and $f$, we do not require the $(AR)$ condition of $f$, the existence of ground state solutions are obtained via variational methods.

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Existence and Multiplicity of Solutions for a 2$n$th-Order Discrete Boundary Value Problems with a Parameter
Zhenguo Wang
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  760-766. 
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In this paper, we consider the existence and multiplicity of solutions for a $2n$th-order discrete boundary value problems depending on a parameter $\lambda$. When $\lambda\in\left(\frac{p(T)}{2B}, \frac{1}{2A}\right)$, we obtain a sufficient condition for the existence of solutions of a discrete boundary value problems by means of critical point theory. Finally, one example is given to illustrate our main result.

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Infinitely Solutions for a Class of Nonlocal Quasilinear Elliptic Equations
Qian Wang,Lin Chen,Nan Tang
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  767-774. 
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In this paper, we study the existence of multiple solutions for a class of nonlocal quasilinear elliptic problemwhere $M(s)=s^{k}, k>0, N\geq3, 1<p<q\leq d<p^{\ast}\leq N, \lambda, \mu>0, \sigma\in\mathbb{R} ^{N}$, and in which $p^{\ast}=\frac{Np}{N-p}, $ and $p^{\ast}=\infty$ if $p=N.$ The weight function$V(x)\in C(\mathbb{R} ^{N})$ satisfy some conditions.

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Breather Wave Solutions, Lump Solutions and Semi-Rational Solutions of a Reduced (3+1)Dimensional Hirota Equation
Chunmei Fang,Shoufu Tian
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  775-783. 
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In this paper, the long wave limit method is used to study the exact solutions of the (3+1)dimensional Hirota equation under dimensional reduction $z$=$x$. First, the bilinear form is constructed by using Bell polynomials. Based on the bilinear form, the $n$-order breather wave solutions are obtained under some parameter constraints on the $N$-order soliton solution. Secondly, by using the long wave limit method, high order lump wave solutions are obtained. Finally, the combined solutions of the first-order, second-order lump wave solutions and single solitary wave solutions are derived, i.e. semi-rational solutions. All the obtained solutions were analyzed with Maple software for physical characteristics.

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Statistical Solutions and Its Limiting Behavior for the Impulsive Discrete Ginzburg-Landau Equations
Caidi Zhao,Huite Jiang,Chunqiu Li,Caraballo Tomás
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  784-806. 
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In this article we first prove the global well-posedness of the impulsive discrete Ginzburg-Landau equations. Then we establish that the generated process by the solution operators possesses a pullback attractor and a family of invariant Borel probability measures. Further, we formulate the definition of statistical solution for the addressed impulsive system and prove the existence. Our results reveal that the statistical solution of the impulsive system satisfies merely the Liouville type theorem piecewise, which implies that the Liouville type equation for impulsive system will not always hold true on the interval containing any impulsive point. Finally, we prove that the statistical solution of the impulsive discrete Ginzburg-Landau equations converges to that of the impulsive discrete Schrödinger equations.

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Asymptotic Stability Analysis of Solutions to Transport Equations in Structured Bacterial Population Growth
Hongxing Wu,Dengbin Yuan,Shenghua Wang
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  807-817. 
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With the help of linear operator theory, the transport equation with more general boundary condition for the structured equation with bacterial population as background is discussed. By means of resolving operator and comparison operator, it is proved that the corresponding transfer operator spectrum of the transfer equation consists of only a finite number of discrete eigenvalues with finite algebraic multiplicity in band domain $\Gamma_{\alpha, \beta}$. It is proved that the solution of the transfer equation is asymptotically stable when $\psi_0 \in D (A_{H_{\alpha, \beta}})$.

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A Dynamic Model for a Class of New Generalized Absolute Value Equations
Wenli Zheng,Jia Tang,Cairong Chen
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  818-825. 
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In this paper, a dynamic model for solving a class of new generalized absolute value equations (GAVE) is proposed. Under suitable conditions, it can be proved that the solution of the GAVE is equivalent to the equilibrium point of the dynamic model and that the equilibrium point of the dynamic model is asymptotically stable. Numerical experiments show that the proposed dynamic model is feasible and effective.

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Oscillation Analysis of a Kind of Systems with Piecewise Continuous Arguments
Ying Liu,Jianfang Gao
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  826-838. 
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In this paper, we mainly use $\theta$-method to analyze the oscillation of differential equations with piecewise continuous arguments of retarded type, and discuss the oscillation and non-oscillation of analytic solution and numerical solution. The sufficient conditions for the numerical methods to preserve the oscillation of the equation under the condition of the analytic solution oscillation are obtained. Meanwhile, some numerical experiments are given.

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Oscillation of Second-Order Nonlinear Nonautonomous Delay Dynamic Equations on Time Scales
Ping Zhang,Jiashan Yang,Guijiang Qin
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  839-850. 
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The oscillatory behavior of a class of second-order nonlinear nonautonomous variable delay damped dynamic equations are studied on a time scale T, where the equations are noncanonical form. By using the generalized Riccati transformation, and the time scales theory and the classical inequality, we establish some new oscillation criteria for the equation. The results fully reflect the influential actions of delay functions and damping terms in system oscillation. Finally, some examples are given to show that our results extend, improve and enrich those reported in the literature, and that they have good effectiveness and practicability.

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Dynamics of an Anthrax Epidemiological Model with Time Delay and Seasonality
Tailei Zhang,Junli Liu,Mengjie Han
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  851-866. 
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In this paper, we developed a time-delayed epidemiological model to describe the anthrax transmission, which incorporates seasonality and the incubation period of the animal population. The basic reproduction number $R_{0}$ can be obtained. It is shown that the threshold dynamics is completely determined by the basic reproduction number. If $R_{0}<1$, the disease-free periodic solution is globally attractive and the disease will die out; if $R_{0} >1$, then there exists at least one positive periodic solution and the disease persists. We further investigate the corresponding autonomous system, the global stability of the disease-free equilibrium and the positive equilibrium is established in terms of $[R_0]$. Numerical simulations are carried out to investigate the sensitivity of $R_0$ about the parameters, the effects of vaccination and carcass disposal on controlling the spread of anthrax is also analyzed.

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Optimal Boundary Control for a Hierarchical Size-Structured Population Model with Delay
Zerong He,Yimeng Dou,Mengjie Han
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  867-880. 
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In this article, we formulate a population control model, which is based upon the hierarchical size-structure and the incubation delay. For a given ideal population distribution, we investigate the optimal input problem: How to choose a inflow way such that the sum of the deviation between the terminal state and the given one and the total costs is minimal. The well-posedness is established by the method of characteristics, the existence of unique optimal policy is shown by the Ekeland variational principle, and the optimal policy is exactly described by a normal cone and an adjoint system. These results set a foundational framework for practical applications.

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Regular Kernel Method for State Space Model
Chao Wang,Bo Li,Lei Wang
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  881-890. 
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State space models(SSMs) provide a general framework for studying stochastic processes, which has been applied in revealing the true underlying economic processes of an economy, recognizing cellphone signals, detecting the loaction of an airplane on a radar screen, et al. In this paper, we study the Markov state space models by modeling the space transformation with reproducing kernel Hilbert space. Not only the existence and uniqueness of solutions are given, but also the error is estimate in L2 spaces. We applied our method in Visibility prediction at airport in National Post-Graduate Mathematical Contest in Modeling supported by China Academic Degrees & Graduate Education Development Center.

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Moving-Water Equilibria Preserving Central Scheme for the Saint-Venant System
Yiming Luo,Dingfang Li,Min Liu,Jian Dong
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  891-903. 
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In this paper, we propose a second-order unstaggered central finite volume scheme for the Saint-Venant system. Classical central scheme can preserve still-water steady state solution by reconstructing conservative variables and the water level, but generates enormous numerical oscillation when considering moving-water steady state. We choose to reconstruct conservative variables and the energy, and design a new discretization of the source term to preserve moving-water equilibria and capture its small perturbations. In the end, several classical numerical experiments are performed to verify the proposed scheme which is convergent, well-balanced and robust.

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A New Projection Algorithm for Solving Pseudo-Monotone Variational Inequality and Fixed Point Problems
Jing Yang,Xianjun Long
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  904-919. 
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In this paper, we propose a new projection algorithm for finding a common element of psedomonotone variational inequality problems and fixed point set of demicontractive mappings in Hilbert spaces. We prove that this new algorithm converges strongly to the common element for a psedomonotone and uniformly continuous mapping. Finally, we provide some numerical experiments to illustrate the efficiency and advantages of the new projection algorithm.

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The Greedy Simplex Algorithm for Double Sparsity Constrained Optimization Problems
Tingwei Pan,Suxiang He
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  920-933. 
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In view of the shortcomings of the alternating minimization method in which it needs to calculate the Lipschitz constant of the objective function gradient and the Lipschitz condition is needed to construct the L-stable point of the problem, this paper proposes a greedy simplex algorithm to solve the optimization problems with double sparse constraints. The CW optimality condition for double sparse constrained optimization problems is described. Based on the CW optimality condition, the iterative steps of the algorithm are designed, and the global convergence of the sequence of iterative points generated by the algorithm to the optimal solution of the problem is proved under the weaker assumptions.

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Precise Large Deviations for a Bidimensional Risk Model with the Regression Dependent Structure
Zhenlong Chen,Yang Liu,Ke-ang Fu
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  934-942. 
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In this paper, we consider a non-standard bidimensional risk model, in which the claim sizes $ \{\vec{X}_k=(X_{1k}, X_{2k})^T, $ $k\ge 1\}$ form a sequence of independent and identically distributed random vectors with nonnegative components that are allowed to be dependent on each other, and there exists a regression dependent structure between these vectors and the inter-arrival times. By assuming that the univariate marginal distributions of claim vectors have consistently varying tails, we obtain the precise large deviation formulas for the bidimensional risk model with the regression dependent structure.

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α-Robust Optimal Investment Strategy for Target Benefit Pension Plans Under Default Risk
Yuan Shi,Yongxia Zhao
Acta mathematica scientia,Series A. 2022, 42 (3):  943-960. 
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This paper considers the optimal investment and benefit payment problem for target benefit pension plan with default risk and model uncertainty. We assume that pension funds are invested in a risk-free asset, a defaultable bond and a stock satisfied a constant elasticity of variance(CEV) model. The payment of pensions depends on the financial status of the plan, with risk sharing between different generations. At the same time, in order to protect the rights of pension holders who dies before retirement, the return of premiums clauses is added to the model. In addition, our model allows the pension manager to have different levels of ambiguity aversion, instead of only considering extremely ambiguity-averse attitude. Using the stochastic optimal control approach, we establish the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations for both the post-default case and the pre-default case, respectively. We derive the closed-form solutions for α-robust optimal investment strategies and optimal benefit payment adjustment strategies. Finally, numerical analyses illustrate the influence of financial market parameters on optimal control problems.

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