Please wait a minute...

当期目录

    2021年, 第41卷, 第2期 刊出日期:2021-04-25 上一期    下一期
    本期栏目: 论文 
    论文
    MARTINGALE INEQUALITIES UNDER G-EXPECTATION AND THEIR APPLICATIONS
    李邯武
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  349-360.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0201-6
    摘要 ( 37 )   RICH HTML PDF   收藏
    In this paper, we study the martingale inequalities under $G$-expectation and their applications. To this end, we introduce a new kind of random time, called $G$-stopping time, and then investigate the properties of a $G$-martingale (supermartingale) such as the optional sampling theorem and upcrossing inequalities. With the help of these properties, we can show the martingale convergence property under $G$-expectation.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    REDUCIBILITY FOR A CLASS OF ANALYTIC MULTIPLIERS ON SOBOLEV DISK ALGEBRA
    陈泳, 刘亚, 秦春桃
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  361-370.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0202-5
    摘要 ( 13 )   RICH HTML PDF   收藏
    We prove the reducibility of analytic multipliers $M_\phi$ with a class of finite Blaschke products symbol $\phi$ on the Sobolev disk algebra $R(\mathbb{D})$. We also describe their nontrivial minimal reducing subspaces.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    MULTIPLICITY OF PERIODIC SOLUTIONS FOR SECOND ORDER HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS WITH MIXED NONLINEARITIES
    王明伟, 郭飞
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  371-380.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0203-4
    The multiplicity of periodic solutions for a class of second order Hamiltonian system with superquadratic plus subquadratic nonlinearity is studied in this paper. Obtained via the Symmetric Mountain Pass Lemma, two results about infinitely many periodic solutions of the systems extend some previously known results.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    THE TWO-LEVEL STABILIZED FINITE ELEMENT METHOD BASED ON MULTISCALE ENRICHMENT FOR THE STOKES EIGENVALUE PROBLEM
    文娟, 黄鹏展, 何雅玲
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  381-396.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0204-3
    In this paper, we first propose a new stabilized finite element method for the Stokes eigenvalue problem. This new method is based on multiscale enrichment, and is derived from the Stokes eigenvalue problem itself. The convergence of this new stabilized method is proved and the optimal priori error estimates for the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues are also obtained. Moreover, we combine this new stabilized finite element method with the two-level method to give a new two-level stabilized finite element method for the Stokes eigenvalue problem. Furthermore, we have proved a priori error estimates for this new two-level stabilized method. Finally, numerical examples confirm our theoretical analysis and validate the high effectiveness of the new methods.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    EXISTENCE AND BOUNDEDNESS OF SOLUTIONS FOR SYSTEMS OF QUASILINEAR ELLIPTIC EQUATIONS
    Abdelkrim MOUSSAOUI, Jean VELIN
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  397-412.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0205-2
    This article sets forth results on the existence and boundedness of solutions for quasilinear elliptic systems involving p-Laplacian and q-Laplacian operators. The approach combines Schaefer's fixed point as well as Moser's iteration procedure.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    S-ASYMPTOTICALLY BLOCH TYPE PERIODIC SOLUTIONS TO SOME SEMI-LINEAR EVOLUTION EQUATIONS IN BANACH SPACES
    常永奎, 魏艳艳
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  413-425.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0206-1
    This paper is mainly concerned with the $S$-asymptotically Bloch type periodicity. Firstly, we introduce a new notion of $S$-asymptotically Bloch type periodic functions, which can be seen as a generalization of concepts of $S$-asymptotically $\omega$-periodic functions and $S$-asymptotically $\omega$-anti-periodic functions. Secondly, we establish some fundamental properties on $S$-asymptotically Bloch type periodic functions. Finally, we apply the results obtained to investigate the existence and uniqueness of $S$-asymptotically Bloch type periodic mild solutions to some semi-linear differential equations in Banach spaces.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    THE ENDPOINT ESTIMATE FOR FOURIER INTEGRAL OPERATORS
    王光庆, 杨杰, 陈文艺
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  426-436.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0207-0
    Let $T_{a,\varphi}$ be a Fourier integral operator defined by the oscillatory integral \begin{eqnarray*} T_{a,\varphi}u(x) &=&\frac{1}{(2\pi)^n}\int_{\mathbb{R}^n} e^{ {\rm i} \varphi(x,\xi)}a(x,\xi) \hat{u}(\xi){\rm d}\xi, \end{eqnarray*} where $a\in S^{m}_{\varrho,\delta}$ and $\varphi\in \Phi^{2}$, satisfying the strong non-degenerate condition. It is shown that if $0<\varrho\leq1$, $0\leq\delta<1$ and $m\leq \frac{\varrho^{2}-n}{2}$, then $T_{a,\varphi}$ is a bounded operator from $L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ to ${\rm BMO}(\mathbb{R}^n).$
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    MAXIMUM PRINCIPLE FOR STOCHASTIC OPTIMAL CONTROL PROBLEM WITH DISTRIBUTED DELAYS
    张启侠
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  437-449.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0208-z
    This paper is concerned with a Pontryagin's maximum principle for the stochastic optimal control problem with distributed delays given by integrals of not necessarily linear functions of state or control variables. By virtue of the duality method and the generalized anticipated backward stochastic differential equations, we establish a necessary maximum principle and a sufficient verification theorem. In particular, we deal with the controlled stochastic system where the distributed delays enter both the state and the control. To explain the theoretical results, we apply them to a dynamic advertising problem.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    TIME GLOBAL MILD SOLUTIONS OF NAVIER-STOKES-OSEEN EQUATIONS
    Viet Duoc TRINH
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  450-460.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0209-y
    In this paper we prove the existence and uniqueness of time global mild solutions to the Navier-Stokes-Oseen equations, which describes dynamics of incompressible viscous fluid flows passing a translating and rotating obstacle, in the solenoidal Lorentz space $L_{\sigma, {\rm{w}}}^3$. Besides, boundedness and polynomial stability of these solutions are also shown.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    THE BALL-COVERING PROPERTY ON DUAL SPACES AND BANACH SEQUENCE SPACES
    商绍强
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  461-474.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0210-5
    In this paper, we prove that $(X,p)$ is separable if and only if there exists a $w^{*}$-lower semicontinuous norm sequence $\{ {p_n}\} _{n = 1}^\infty $ of $(X^{*},p)$ such that (1) there exists a dense subset $G_{n}$ of $X^{*}$ such that $p_{n}$ is G$\mathrm{\hat{a}}$teaux differentiable on $G_{n}$ and $dp_{n}(G_{n})\subset X$ for all $n\in N$; (2) $p_n \leq p$ and $p_n \to p$ uniformly on each bounded subset of $X^{*}$; (3) for any $\alpha\in(0,1)$, there exists a ball-covering $\{ B({x_{i,n}^{*}},{r_{i,n}})\} _{i = 1}^\infty $ of $(X^{*},p_{n})$ such that it is $\alpha$-off the origin and ${x_{i,n}^{*}}\in G_{n}$. Moreover, we also prove that if $ X_{i}$ is a G$\mathrm{\hat{a}}$teaux differentiability space, then there exist a real number $\alpha > 0$ and a ball-covering $\mathfrak{B_{i}}$ of $X_{i}$ such that $\mathfrak{B_{i}}$ is $\alpha $-off the origin if and only if there exist a real number $\alpha > 0$ and a ball-covering $\mathfrak{B}$ of ${l^\infty }({X_i})$ such that $\mathfrak{B}$ is $\alpha$-off the origin.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    ON GENERALIZED COMPLETE (p,q)-ELLIPTIC INTEGRALS
    尹枥, Barkat Ali BHAYO, Nihat Gökhan GÖĞüŞ
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  475-486.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0211-4
    In this paper, we study the generalized complete (p,q)-elliptic integrals of the first and second kind as an application of generalized trigonometric functions with two parameters, and establish the monotonicity, generalized convexity and concavity of these functions. In particular, some Tur\'an type inequalities are given. Finally, we also show some new series representations of these functions by applying Alzer and Richard's methods.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    A BRAY-BRENDLE-NEVES TYPE INEQUALITY FOR A RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLD
    邓洪存
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  487-492.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0212-3
    In this paper, for any local area-minimizing closed hypersurface $\Sigma$ with $Rc_{\Sigma}=\frac{R_\Sigma}{n}g_{\Sigma}$, immersed in a $(n+1)$-dimension Riemannian manifold $M$ which has positive scalar curvature and nonnegative Ricci curvature, we obtain an upper bound for the area of $\Sigma$. In particular, when $\Sigma$ saturates the corresponding upper bound, $\Sigma$ is isometric to $\mathbb{S}^n$ and $M$ splits in a neighborhood of $\Sigma$. At the end of the paper, we also give the global version of this result.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    MULTIPLE SIGN-CHANGING SOLUTIONS FOR A CLASS OF SCHRÖDINGER EQUATIONS WITH SATURABLE NONLINEARITY
    刘忠原
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  493-504.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0213-2
    In this paper, we construct sign-changing radial solutions for a class of Schrödinger equations with saturable nonlinearity which arises from several models in mathematical physics. More precisely, for any given nonnegative integer $k$, by using a minimization argument, we first obtain a sign-changing minimizer with $k$ nodes of a constrained minimization problem, and show, by a deformation lemma and Miranda's theorem, that the minimizer is the desired solution.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    ON THE DIFFERENTIAL AND DIFFERENCE INDEPENDENCE OF Γ AND ζ
    陈玮, 王琼
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  505-516.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0214-1
    In this paper, we study the algebraic differential and the difference independence between the Riemann zeta function and the Euler gamma function. It is proved that the Riemann zeta function and the Euler gamma function cannot satisfy a class of nontrivial algebraic differential equations and algebraic difference equations.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    THE LEAST SQUARES ESTIMATOR FOR AN ORNSTEIN-UHLENBECK PROCESS DRIVEN BY A HERMITE PROCESS WITH A PERIODIC MEAN
    申广君, 余迁, 唐正
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  517-534.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0215-0
    We consider the least square estimator for the parameters of Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes $${\rm d}Y_s=\Big (\sum\limits_{j=1}^{k}\mu_j \phi_j (s)- \beta Y_s\Big){\rm d}s + {\rm d}Z_s^{q,H},$$ driven by the Hermite process $Z_s^{q,H}$ with order $q \geq 1$ and a Hurst index $H \in (\frac12,1)$, where the periodic functions $\phi_j(s), j=1,\ldots,k$ are bounded, and the real numbers $\mu_j, j=1,\ldots, k$ together with $\beta>0$ are unknown parameters. We establish the consistency of a least squares estimation and obtain the asymptotic behavior for the estimator. We also introduce alternative estimators, which can be looked upon as an application of the least squares estimator. In terms of the fractional Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes with periodic mean, our work can be regarded as its non-Gaussian extension.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    COMPARISON THEOREMS FOR MULTI-DIMENSIONAL GENERAL MEAN-FIELD BDSDES
    李娟, 邢传智, 彭滢
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  535-551.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0216-z
    In this paper we study multi-dimensional mean-field backward doubly stochastic differential equations (BDSDEs), that is, BDSDEs whose coefficients depend not only on the solution processes but also on their law. The first part of the paper is devoted to the comparison theorem for multi-dimensional mean-field BDSDEs with Lipschitz conditions. With the help of the comparison result for the Lipschitz case we prove the existence of a solution for multi-dimensional mean-field BDSDEs with an only continuous drift coefficient of linear growth, and we also extend the comparison theorem to such BDSDEs with a continuous coefficient.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    DYNAMICS OF A NONLOCAL DISPERSAL FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE MODEL IN A SPATIALLY HETEROGENEOUS ENVIRONMENT
    王晓燕, 杨俊元
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  552-572.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0217-y
    Foot-and-mouth disease is one of the major contagious zoonotic diseases in the world. It is caused by various species of the genus Aphthovirus of the family Picornavirus, and it always brings a large number of infections and heavy financial losses. The disease has become a major public health concern. In this paper, we propose a nonlocal foot-and-mouth disease model in a spatially heterogeneous environment, which couples virus-to-animals and animals-to-animals transmission pathways, and investigate the dynamics of the disperal. The basic reproduction number $\mathcal R_0$ is defined as the spectral radius of the next generation operator $\mathcal R(x)$ by a renewal equation. The relationship between $\mathcal R_0$ and a principal eigenvalue of an operator $\mathcal L_0$ is built. Moreover, the proposed system exhibits threshold dynamics in terms of $\mathcal R_0,$ in the sense that $\mathcal R_0$ determines whether or not foot-and-mouth disease invades the hosts. Through numerical simulations, we have found that increasing animals' movements is an effective control measure for preventing prevalence of the disease.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    PARAMETER ESTIMATION FOR AN ORNSTEIN-UHLENBECK PROCESS DRIVEN BY A GENERAL GAUSSIAN NOISE
    Yong CHEN, Hongjuan ZHOU
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  573-595.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0218-x
    In this paper, we consider an inference problem for an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process driven by a general one-dimensional centered Gaussian process $(G_t)_{t\ge 0}$. The second order mixed partial derivative of the covariance function $ R(t,\, s)=\mathbb{E}[G_t G_s]$ can be decomposed into two parts, one of which coincides with that of fractional Brownian motion and the other of which is bounded by $(ts)^{\beta-1}$ up to a constant factor. This condition is valid for a class of continuous Gaussian processes that fails to be self-similar or to have stationary increments; some examples of this include the subfractional Brownian motion and the bi-fractional Brownian motion. Under this assumption, we study the parameter estimation for a drift parameter in the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process driven by the Gaussian noise $(G_t)_{t\ge 0}$. For the least squares estimator and the second moment estimator constructed from the continuous observations, we prove the strong consistency and the asympotic normality, and obtain the Berry-Esséen bounds. The proof is based on the inner product's representation of the Hilbert space $\mathfrak{H}$ associated with the Gaussian noise $(G_t)_{t\ge 0}$, and the estimation of the inner product based on the results of the Hilbert space associated with the fractional Brownian motion.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    TWO WEIGHT CHARACTERIZATIONS FOR THE MULTILINEAR LOCAL MAXIMAL OPERATORS
    潘亚丽, 薛庆营
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  596-608.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0219-9
    Let $ 0<\beta <1$ and $\Omega$ be a proper open and non-empty subset of $\mathbf{R}^n$. In this paper, the object of our investigation is the multilinear local maximal operator $\mathcal{M}_{\beta}$, defined by $$\mathcal{M}_{\beta}(\vec{f})(x)= \sup_{\substack{Q \ni x \\ Q\in{\mathcal{F}_{\beta}}}} \prod_{i=1}^m \frac{1}{|Q|} \int_Q |f_i(y_i)|{\rm d}y_i,$$ where $\mathcal{F}_{\beta}=\{Q(x,l):x \in \Omega, l< \beta {\rm d}(x, \Omega^c)\}$, $Q=Q(x,l)$ is denoted as a cube with sides parallel to the axes, and $x$ and $l$ denote its center and half its side length. Two-weight characterizations for the multilinear local maximal operator $\mathcal{M}_{\beta}$ are obtained. A formulation of the Carleson embedding theorem in the multilinear setting is proved.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    LONG-TIME BEHAVIOR FOR A THERMOELASTIC MICROBEAM PROBLEM WITH TIME DELAY AND THE COLEMAN-GURTIN THERMAL LAW
    刘文军, 陈冬琴, 陈志婧
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  609-632.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0220-3
    This study addresses long-time behavior for a thermoelastic microbeam problem with time delay and the Coleman-Gurtin thermal law, the convolution kernel of which entails an extremely weak dissipation in the thermal law. By using the semigroup theory, we first establish the existence of global weak and strong solutions as well as their continuous dependence on the initial data in appropriate function spaces, under suitable assumptions on the weight of time delay term, the external force term and the nonlinear term. We then prove that the system is quasi-stable and has a gradient on bounded variant sets, and obtain the existence of a global attractor whose fractal dimension is finite. A result on the exponential attractor of the system is also proved.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    REGULARITY OF P-HARMONIC MAPPINGS INTO NPC SPACES
    郭常予, 向长林
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  633-645.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0221-2
    Let $M$ be a $C^2$-smooth Riemannian manifold with boundary and $X$ be a metric space with non-positive curvature in the sense of Alexandrov. Let $u\colon M\to X$ be a Sobolev mapping in the sense of Korevaar and Schoen. In this short note, we introduce a notion of $p$-energy for $u$ which is slightly different from the original definition of Korevaar and Schoen. We show that each minimizing $p$-harmonic mapping ($p\geq 2$) associated to our notion of $p$-energy is locally H\"older continuous whenever its image lies in a compact subset of $X$.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标
    ENTIRE FUNCTIONS REPRESENTED BY LAPLACE-STIELTJES TRANSFORMS CONCERNING THE APPROXIMATION AND GENERALIZED ORDER
    徐洪焱, 孔荫莹
    数学物理学报(英文版). 2021 (2):  646-656.  DOI: 10.1007/s10473-021-0222-1
    The first aim of this paper is to investigate the growth of the entire function defined by the Laplace-Stieltjes transform converges on the whole complex plane. By introducing the concept of generalized order, we obtain two equivalence theorems of Laplace-Stieltjes transforms related to the generalized order, $A_n^*$ and $\lambda_n$. The second purpose of this paper is to study the problem on the approximation of this Laplace-Stieltjes transform. We also obtain some theorems about the generalized order, the error, and the coefficients of Laplace-Stieltjes transforms, which are generalization and improvement of the previous results.
    参考文献 | 相关文章 | 计量指标